Roman Hoard found on Little Orme in Penrhyn Bay
Little Ormes Head Penrhyn Bay Conwy_County Wales
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A hoard of 5,000 Roman coins was found in an urn on the Little Orme’s Head in Penrhyn Bay. The coins date from the 4th Century and are all small denomination bronze coins. They may have been buried to protect them from coastal raiders during times of danger, or they may have been intended to pay copper miners on the Great Orme. The coins were found in 1873 and there is a small selection of the coins on display in Colwyn Bay Library. The coins were found on the eastern slopes of the Little Orme near the main road when road alterations were being made. The discovery was not made public for thirty years. The coins found by a local farmer were contained in a red one-handled earthenware jar all cemented together by oxidation but were later separated and found to be in excellent condition. About 3000 of the coins were minted in Britain, most marked with the London mint letters PLON, PLN, MLN, MSL and MLL and 2000 coins with the French mint letters of Treves, Aries and Lyons. The effigies on the coins were of various Emperors from Carausius (AD.287-293), Allectus (AD.293-296), Constantius Chlorus (AD.292-306), Maximianus Hercules (AD.286-305), Maximinus Daza (AD.305-313) and Licinius 1 (AD.307-324) but two thirds of the coins bore the effigy of Constantine the Great (AD.306-337). Constantine was Emperor in the west in association with Licinius 1 in the east. During this period a Roman Emperor would stamp a coin with his own effigy alternatively with the concurrent Emperor.
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