Aber Valley is located in the north east of the county of Gwynedd, North Wales. The valley is defined by the lower slopes of Mynydd Wnion (to the East), Drosgl, Bera Mawr and Llwytmor (to the South), and Allt-y-Bont, Foel Dduarth and Foel Ganol (to the West).
Aber Valley is renowned for the Aber Falls (Rhaeadr Fawr) where the Afon Goch River plunges 37m from the foothills of the northern Carneddau range of mountains. A tributary, Afon Rhaeadr Bach, joins the Afon Goch. The conjoined river is then known as Afon Rhaeadr Fawr and flows as far as the confluence of the Afon Anafon and the Rhaeadr Fawr at Bont Newydd. From Bont Newydd the river is known as Afon Aber or Afon Aber Garth Celyn.
The Afon Aber flows by the village of Abergwyngregyn before spilling into Conwy Bay at the Lavan Sands at the mouth of the Menai Strait. Phew!
In the heart of the Aber Valley is the Coedydd Aber National Nature Reserve. There is an abundance of wildlife and beautiful woodland and mountain scenery within the Reserve. Information boards at the Nature Reserve Visitor Centre describe the wide variety of wildlife, and the management of the Alder trees and their part in the making of charcoal.
The historic village of Abergwyngregyn is located at the northern end of the valley. The property known as Aber Garth Celyn was of great strategic importance as it controlled the ancient crossing point of the Menai Strait, via the Lafan Sands, to the Isle of Anglesey.
There are other important sites in the Aber valley and the surrounding hills showing evidence of occupation from prehistoric times through the Roman period, the Dark Ages and into Medieval times.
A walk into the hills reveals Maes y Gaer, a prehistoric settlement, the cairns of Carnedd y Saeson and Meuryn Isaf, the remains of an iron age round house close to the falls, and within the village itself are Llywelyn's Mound and the ancient manor house known as Pen y Bryn.
The very roads and tracks echo with the footsteps of early Britons and indeed ancient Romans. The Roman Road, now a popular walk, from Aber to Rowen via Bwllch y Ddeufaen linked Roman Segontium in Caernarfon to the Roman settlement on the banks of the Conwy River.
Review Aber Valley.