Where to go, what to see, where to stay in Wales

Home | Flint Castle, Flint, North Wales. Pictures of Flint Castle
Wales > Castles >  Flint Castle

Add to Favourites

Related Sites:


Flint Castle :

In the year 1272 AD the English King Henry III was succeeded by his son King Edward 1. This did not bode well for the principality of Wales as Edward was determined to impose his authority on the Welsh. Llywelyn Flint Castle north east Towerap Gruffydd, Llywelyn II, Prince of Wales, had other ideas and refused to pay homage to the English King.

War was declared in 1276 with the first campaigns centred on the Severn and the Dee valleys. Llywelyn was forced to retreat to the river Conwy and formally submitted to the king at Rhuddlan. Edward seized the opportunity to consolidate his conquests by building the first of his iron ring of castles ....Flint Castle and Rhuddlan Castle. They were to be the spring boards for King Edward's later attacks into Gwynedd and the very heart-lands of Wales.

To conform with Edward's strategy of being able to reinforce and provision his castles by sea Flint Castle was built on land next to the Dee estuary between 1277 and 1284. Although today the river Dee is some way from the castle walls, in the middle ages it filled the moat at high tide, and history shows that Edward's strategy proved successful as the castle survived the attacks of Dafydd ap Gruffydd in 1282 and the Welsh revolt led by Owain Glyndwr in 1400.

Having established his fortresses in North Wales, at Flint and Rhuddlan, King Edward was better able to respond to the next Welsh rebellion and when it came in 1282 he launched his attack from his bases in north east Wales and struck deep into the heart of  Gwynedd.
Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, Llywelyn the Last, was killed at Builth Wells and another Welsh revolt foundered on the English sword.

Section showing thickness of the walls of Flint CastleFlint Castle also played it's part in the history of Britain when in August 1399 King Richard II was ambushed at Penmaenhead in Colwyn Bay and surrendered to Henry Bolingbroke at Flint Castle. He was forced to return to London and abdicate in favour of Henry who became King Henry IV. Richard was eventually taken to Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire where it is said he died in custody.

William Shakespeare records the incident in the play " The Tragedy of King Richard the Second"
King Richard II :
" Of that sweet way I was in to despair!
What say you now? what comfort have we now?
By heaven, I'll hate him everlastingly
That bids me be of comfort any more.
Go to Flint castle: there I'll pine away;
A king, woe's slave, shall kingly woe obey.
That power I have, discharge; and let them go
To ear the land that hath some hope to grow,
For I have none: let no man speak again
To alter this, for counsel is but vain.
"


During the Civil War (1642 - 1651) Flint Castle changed hands several times between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians. But following its eventual fall to parliament it was largely destroyed (some time after 1646) and ignominiously used as a quarry for the town houses leaving only a few remnants that can be seen today.

It is now in the care of Cadw, the official guardian of the built heritage of Wales and it's remains still stand silent sentinel on the banks of the River Dee.


Location : Castle Street, Flint, Flintshire, North Wales

Facilities (2007) :

None. But it is free to enter.
Parking on road adjacent to Castle


 

Please --- click on the pictures --- below for more scenes of Flint Castle, Flint North Wales

Great tower viewed from the mound of the outer bailey Great tower viewed from within the castle walls
Great tower viewed from the mound of the outer bailey
 
Great tower viewed from within the castle walls
Flint castle moat with the Great tower on the right and the south west tower on the left   Flint Castle north west tower
Flint castle moat with the Great tower on the right and the south west tower on the left
 
Flint Castle north west tower
View across the River Dee estuary from the north west tower
Outer ditch at Flint Castle
View across the River Dee estuary toward the Wirral from the north west tower
 
Outer ditch at Flint Castle.
Flint Castle outer gatehouse remains South west tower at Flint Castle
Flint Castle, remains of the outer gatehouse
 
South west tower at Flint Castle


© All pictures copyright Bernard Wellings


 

Hairy Legged Hiker

return to tourist attractions Map of WalesRelated tourist information links :

Ruthin > Mold > Llangollen > Colwyn Bay > Rhos-on-Sea >

Wales tourist information Map >>

Walesdirectory.co.uk, where you can find where to go, what to see, and where to stay in Wales

Go to tourist Map of Wales >>

.Home |
| Copyright ©   Bernard Wellings   2007|
Wales tourist information Wales tourist attractions Holiday Cottages in Wales Hotels in Wales Bed and Breakfast in Wales Towns in Wales and the Welsh Borders, tourist information, pictures, and a bit of history A selection of Welsh historic sites